Maximilian Kolbe Biography
1894 Maximilian Kolbe was born on January 8 in Idunska-Wola (Poland). Son of Julius Kolbe and Maria Dabrowska. He was named Raimundo.
1907 He joined the Conventual Franciscan Junior Seminary in Lwów.
1910 Kolbe was allowed to enter the novitiate.
1911 He professed his first vows adopting the name Maximilian
1914 He professed his final vows, in Rome, adopting the names Maximilian Maria, to show his veneration of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
1915 He earned a Doctorate in Philosophy at the Pontifical Gregorian University
1917 He was inspired to organize the Militia Immaculata
1918 Kolbe was ordained a priest in The Church Sant' Andrea dellaValle.
1919 He got the Doctorate in Theology at the Pontifical University of St. Bonaventure.
1927 He founded and supervised the monastery of Niepokalanów near Warsaw. A place dedicated to promote, love, and venerate the Virgin Mary, especially her Immaculate Heart. He published a monthly magazine, Knights of the Immaculate, with a circulation of over one million.
1930 to 1936 He took a series of missions to Japan, where he founded a monastery, a Japanese paper and a seminary.
1939 He was arrested along with 37 monks. He was then released.
1941 On February 17, he was arrested, and on May 25 was transferred to Auschwitz I as prisoner #16670. In July, Kolbe volunteered to take Franciszek Gajowniczek’s place. He was taken to the starvation cell. Finally he was murdered with an injection of carbolic acid, on August 14. His body was cremated in the concentration camp the very next day.
1971 Father Kolbe was beatified by Pope Paul VI.
1982 On October 10, Pope John Paul II canonized St. Maximilian Kolbe as a martyr